Attention and Performance Question Prompt

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

Read and respond to the questions provided below under “Specific Question Prompt Instructions”. Your response must include references to the lecture, PowerPoint, and/or text to ensure you have studied the material before you begin applying the material. See the rubric for guidelines regarding the exact manner in which you should reference the material. Your response must be ONE page in length and must be written in essay style consisting of paragraphs. There is no need to refer to the question numbers in your response. See the rubric for guidelines on how you will be graded with regard to length. Find ONE article to support your answer to the questions, and refer to it ANYWHERE in your response and upload the article with your Word document. If you include a quotation, you must explain what your quotation means and why it is relevant. Refer to the rubric to see how you will be graded in reference to incorporating the article within the text of your response. Include a reference page in APA style for each submission. The articles must be 7 to 20 pages long, published within the last 10 years, and peer-reviewed. See the rubric for specifics on how you will be graded.

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SPECIFIC QUESTION PROMPT INSTRUCTIONS

Divided Attention – Cell Phones and Driving

Strayer and Johnston (2001) conducted an experiment in which participants were to track a moving object presented on a computer screen. The participants’ task was to keep a cursor close to a moving object by moving a joystick (the intent was to simulate driving conditions). During this task, participants would periodically see either a red or green light appear on the monitor. When this occurred, they were to respond as soon as possible by pressing the button on the joystick.

Here are the approximate probabilities of missing a stoplight for each condition:

 

Single Task Dual Task

Cell Phone .028 .07

Radio Control .035 .04

 

The estimated results show the probability of missing a stoplight while:
1) only driving (single task)
2) while driving and doing a second task (either using a cell phone or listening to the radio)
– the dual-task situation

Questions:

a) In your own words, interpret the data from Strayer and Johnston.
b) Using concepts from the chapter on attention, provide some potential explanations for the results from the experiment on cell phone use and driving

Reference

Strayer, D. L., & Johnston, W. A. (2001). Driven to distraction: Dual-task studies of simulated driving and conversing on a cellular telephone. Psychological Science, 12(6), 462-466. Strayer & Johnston (2001).pdf

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