Sonya Cage / Long Post/Assignment #4/

This is the lesson #4 reading assignments and questions. The paper must be wrote in Scholarly research essay form. this is the lesson 4 reading assignment and question.

This is a graded discussion: 50 points possible

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Lesson # 4: Reading Assignments and Question
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Lesson # 4: Reading Assignments and Question

Attention All Students:

Once again both Lesson # 3 and Lesson # 4 are mandatory, and you cannot skip them.

All students must post at least one long post and two short posts for each of these two lessons. by their due dates.

Once again you cannot skip this assignment.

All students must read the following reading assignments very carefully.

Chapter 6 on “The News Media” from the Struggle for Democracy by Drs. Greenberg and Page, and

Chapter 13 on the “Mass Media” from the Democracy for the Few by Dr. Parenti.

Scholarly research shows that the mass media help set the political agenda for ordinary citizens. But there are two kinds of mass media in the United States: The Mainstream media owned by giant corporations, like the CNN, L.A Times, N.Y. Times, the Wall Street Journal, Times Magazine, Newsweek, CBS, NBC, ABC…

And the Non-Mainstream media which run no corporate commercials /advertisements and are publicly owned (mostly supported by donations by their subscribers /the public.)

Examples of Non-mainstream will be Pacifica Radio (KPFK in Los Angeles Area F.M. 90.7), NPR F.M. 89.3, the Nation Magazine, The Humanist, Z magazine…

In this assignment, you must compare nonmainstream and mainstream media coverage of current pressing domestic and global political issues in a scholarly fashion. You must also answer the 5 questions at the bottom of this post. To accomplish these tasks, you must first read chapters on the mass media from both Democracy for the Few and the Struggle for Democracy.

Furthermore, you must listen to KPFK radio station, F.M. 90.7, or go online or and listen to one of Amy Goodman’s “Democracy Now” program on that radio station. You can also navigate through that cite and obtain a hard copy of the same program.

There are several other important programs at KPFK like “the Middle East Focus”, “Beneath the Surface”, “Nation Magazine”, “Lawyers Guild” or weekday’s 6:00 p.m. news that you can use. Listening to KPFK, F.M. 90.7, or reading its programs online is mandatory.

This is not optional. You must cite specific examples from that radio station.

You cannot cite just a few simplistic headlines information. You must cite specific, detailed information from KPFK programs and your detailed responses to them.

You should also access the web site of the nation magazine by clicking “” and read a couple of articles on one or two current major foreign and domestic policy issues/ crisis like the war in Iraq, the Palestinian Israeli conflict, International Economic Crisis or Global Environmental condition /crisis.

You must also read a couple of articles on at least one of the following current major domestic issues/crises: The Patriotic Act and its restrictions of Civil Liberties in the United States or the current economic crisis and meltdown in the United States.

Furthermore, you must watch a couple of CNN or CBS news programs and read a couple of articles from the L.A. Times or the Wall Street Journal or any mainstream media of your choice on at least one current major foreign policy issue/ crisis AND at least one current major domestic issue/ crisis. Please read the examples provided above.

This is also a must. This is not optional.

Then you must compare and contrast the coverage of those issues by both the Mainstream media; (CNN, L.A.Times,…), and the nonmainstream Media; KPFK F.M. 90.7, the Nation Magazine.

After that you must answer all of the following questions:

1) What does Dr. Parenti mean by “He Who Pays the Piper” and by “the ideological monopoly”? Based on your research which media (mainstream or nonmainstream) is guilty of those charges? (Manifests ideological monopoly the way described by Dr. Parenti.)

2) Which one, the mainstream or the nonmainstream media deals with the root causes of current issues or crisis like the Palestinian Israeli conflict, the global climate change, the crisis of gun violence in the United States, the U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East, the Russian Interference in the American Election, the restrictions of Civil Liberties in the United States especially for women and the LBGTQ community?

3) What does Dr. Parenti mean by the “official manipulation?” Based on your research did you see more official manipulation in the mainstream media or the non-mainstream Media? Which one feeds us the official line of the current U.S. administration and why? In other words which one of the two media: mainstream or nonmainstream, feeds us the official line and which one is doing a better job to play its role as the watchdog?

4) Focus on the section on “Prevailing Themes in Political News” and “Limited Fragmented, and incoherent political information.” The struggle for Democracy.) Which one of the two: Mainstream or Nonmainstream is guilty of those charges?

5) In your essay, you must include KPFK’s programs comparison with either CBS or CNN news programs. If you live in an area that you cannot get that radio station you can go online and listen to that station online. The online address of that station is or these two links both give you access to KPFK and give you the option of listening to or reading the programs of your choice online.

The following are required:

You must write a scholarly essay.

Please try your best to restrain your emotions and construct them in a logical scholarly essay. Your position is not the issue here.

How scholarly you do your research and how well you support your position is the main focus of this exercise.

You must post at least one long post and at least two short posts.

Your long post must be at least two and a half pages single-spaced.

You must answer the entire question.

Good Luck,

Dr. Haghighat

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