substance Abuse Among Native Americans (AI/AN) American Indians/Alaska Natives

Research Paper: Final Paper Assignment Instructions


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This paper is an opportunity to research and learn about a culture that you may currently work with, anticipate working with in the future, or would like to learn more about. Throughout the course, you completed a title page, abstract, and references that you will include with the body of your final paper here.


Include your corrected title page and abstract. Follow current APA professional style standards. Please refer to the LU Writing Center for APA guidance and templates. Do not include the topic rationale, outline, or annotated bibliography in your final paper. These are tools to help you prepare and write your final paper. The body of the paper (not including the title page, abstract, or references) should be 8-10 pages. Reserve the use of direct quotes for the most significant information that it would be difficult to put into your own words and cite. Do not use lengthy quotes (no quotes that are 40 or more words).


Introduction: One paragraph where you introduce the paper. Do not use a heading for the introductory paragraph. This goes below the paper title (centered and bold at the top of the first page of text, which will be p. 3). ½ page

Keep in mind, that each section below must be based on your research from journal articles (not blogs, newspaper articles, books, or book reviews). There should be citations in each section of the body of your paper. Do not use first person pronouns (I/we/me/my/myself, for example) as research papers are not based on opinion or personal perspective. While you can use our course textbook as an additional source, do not rely too heavily on it, as the majority of your paper should be based on current research from journal articles.

Cultural Awareness

In the first section, include recent research on the topic and culture. Give recent statistics (prevalence rates, information on geographic or population clusters). Aim to include what is important for colleagues to know to best work with this population to meet the specific need you are researching. Some examples of information to explore here include: family dynamics (child-rearing practices, parental roles, obligations of children to parents, nature of relationships among family members, kinship bonds, gender roles, aging, extended family, clan, role of elders, tribal councils, etc.); political and economic concerns (poverty and income levels, value of education, unemployment, reservations/Bureau of Indian Affairs, immigration, etc.); communication (bilingualism, nonverbal/body language, personal space, problem-solving, silence, eye movement, music/dance/art as communication, concept of time). 3-4 pages

Counseling Approach

In the second section, identify specific strategies and approaches to use with this population to address the needs explored in the previous section. Have you ever gone to a conference where the presenter spent the entire time talking about what the problem was, and you thought to yourself, now what? This section is just as important as the previous section. Devote equal space to researching and explaining strategies, approaches, and methods for meeting the need. Identify specific counseling therapies and techniques that you believe would work best with this population, explaining why and how you would use this approach. Some examples of popular counseling therapies include existential therapy, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, rational emotive behavior-therapy, reality therapy, family systems theory, solution-focused therapy, narrative therapy, and creative arts therapies. I encourage you to look for non-Western based counseling approaches to write about in this section or consider how you could adapt Western-based approaches. You may want to search for culture AND counseling; for example, Latin Americans AND counseling. 3-4 pages

Religious and Spiritual Application

In the final section, give biblical application to the topic you have been examining. Specifically examine counseling, life coaching, and/or human services from a faith-based approach. For example, if your paper looked at substance abuse, explore research on faith-based programs, and discuss why this would be meaningful for the culture you are focusing on. Explore the unique beliefs, values, ways of thinking, and expressing faith, religion, and spirituality in the culture you are researching. What is typically viewed as the role of the church for this culture? What is the common view of life after death? 1 page


End with a concise Conclusion paragraph where you summarize what you covered in the paper and include ideas for future research needed on this topic. ½ page


References: Begin on a new page. Center (and bold) the References heading at the top of the page. You need at least 10 peer-reviewed journal articles dated within the past 5 years, in an alphabetized list. Every source that you include in the references should be cited in your paper. Double-space.

Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the SafeAssign plagiarism tool.

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